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Signs of Periodontal Disease
Periodontal disease, or gum disease, is a serious condition that is surprisingly easy to overlook. It is often painless and the symptoms are not always obvious until at an advanced stage of the disease. Additionally, when it comes to the mouth’s health, many people focus more on tooth health than gum health. But even if you are cavity-free and your teeth are in good shape, it does not mean that you are immune to gum disease. You should still be on the lookout for the signs and symptoms of the disease.
Signs and symptoms of periodontal disease
Periodontal disease is a common condition that affects millions of people. Seeking treatment early is often recommended to prevent it from becoming worse. If not treated, it can lead to many problems including tooth loss. There are various stages of periodontal disease ranging from gingivitis to periodontitis. It is important to watch out for any signs associated with the different forms of the disease. Here are some common ones.
Gum disease may cause the gums to bleed easily or ache. Healthy gums do not usually bleed when brushing and flossing. Poor oral hygiene will allow plaque created from bacteria to build up and eventually start irritating the gums. This can make them sensitive, red, swollen, and susceptible to bleeding.
The plaque often attacks tissue around the teeth. It can destroy the fibers that attach gum tissue to the teeth. This will result in the gums becoming inflamed and irritated. This may cause them to bleed when brushing and flossing.
Teeth may appear longer due to the gums surrounding them receding away. Gum recession is usually a sign that the disease is progressing. When this occurs, the depth of the collar of gum tissue around the teeth will increase. In later stage gum disease, the pockets often become too deep. It can then become harder to remove food as well as debris by brushing and flossing. This causes the pockets to become increasingly deeper and the disease to worsen.
Tooth sensitivity can be caused by thin tooth enamel and exposed teeth roots. Sometimes, gum recession or pocketing can also lead to tooth sensitivity. The gums usually cover the roots of teeth, which do not have any enamel to protect them. When roots are exposed, it can be uncomfortable and in some cases, even painful.
Having bad breath at one time or another is common. Brushing, breath mints, or mouthwash can help to get rid of it easily. But having bad breath constantly can be a sign of poor oral health because of several problems. These include tooth decay or gum disease. A dentist can help with constant bad breath and its causes.
Signs of gum disease include bleeding gums and gum recession. Tooth sensitivity and persistent bad breath are also other common warning signs. If you notice any of the signs of gum disease, you should contact your dentist right away. The earlier the problems are found, the easier it is to deal with them and their causes. If you want to find out more about the signs and symptoms of periodontal disease and the various treatment options, talk to your dentist today.
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